Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017

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The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Presented and read a first time

  

Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Bill 2017

No.      , 2017

  

A Bill for an Act to amend the law relating to the definition of marriage and protect religious freedoms, and for related purposes


Contents

1               Short title...................................................................................................... 1

2               Commencement............................................................................................ 1

3               Schedules...................................................................................................... 3


Schedule 1—Amendments                                                                                                          4

Part 1—Main amendments                                                                                                   4

Marriage Act 1961                                                                                                                   4

Part 2—Amendment of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984                          17

Sex Discrimination Act 1984                                                                                             17

Part 3—Amendments if Schedule 9 to the Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2017 not yet

commenced                                                                                                                 18

Marriage Act 1961                                                                                                                 18

Part 4—Amendments once Schedule 9 to the Civil Law and

Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2017 commences             19

Marriage Act 1961                                                                                                                 19

Part 5—Application and transitional provisions                                               20

 

1              A Bill for an Act to amend the law relating to the

2              definition of marriage and protect religious

3              freedoms, and for related purposes

4              The Parliament of Australia enacts:

5              1  Short title

6                                           This Act is the Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious

7                                           Freedoms) Act 2017.

8              2 Commencement

9                                  (1) Each provision of this Act specified in column 1 of the table

10                                           commences, or is taken to have commenced, in accordance with

11                                           column 2 of the table. Any other statement in column 2 has effect

12                                           according to its terms.

13


Commencement information

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Provisions

Commencement

Date/Details

1. Sections 1 to 3 and anything in this Act not elsewhere covered

by this table                                                                                                   

The day this Act receives the Royal Assent.

2. Schedule 1, Parts 1 and 2

A single day to be fixed by Proclamation.

However, if the provisions do not commence within the period of 28 days beginning on the day this Act receives the Royal Assent, they commence on the day after the end of

                              that period.                                                                        

3. Schedule 1, Part 3

At the same time as the provisions covered by table item 2.

However, if Schedule 9 to the Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2017 commences at or before that time, the provisions covered by this table item do not

                              commence at all.                                                                

4. Schedule 1, Part 4

The later of:

(a)       the commencement of the provisions covered by table item 2; and

(b)      immediately after the commencement of Schedule 9 to the Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2017.

However, if Schedule 9 to the Civil Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act 2017 does not commence, the provisions covered

                              by this table item do not commence at all.                              

5. Schedule 1, Part 5

At the same time as the provisions covered by table item 2.

1                                           Note:           This table relates only to the provisions of this Act as originally

2                                                                enacted. It will not be amended to deal with any later amendments of

3                                                                this Act.

4                                  (2) Any information in column 3 of the table is not part of this Act.

5                                           Information may be inserted in this column, or information in it

6                                           may be edited, in any published version of this Act.


1              3  Schedules

2                                           Legislation that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or

3                                           repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule

4                                           concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect

5                                           according to its terms.


1              Schedule 1—Amendments

2              Part 1—Main amendments

3              Marriage Act 1961

4              1 After section 2

5                                Insert:

6              2A Objects of this Act

7                                           It is an object of this Act to create a legal framework:

8                                               (a) to allow civil celebrants to solemnise marriage, understood as

9                                                        the union of 2 people to the exclusion of all others,

10                                                        voluntarily entered into for life; and

11                                              (b) to allow ministers of religion to solemnise marriage,

12                                                        respecting the doctrines, tenets and beliefs of their religion,

13                                                        the views of their religious community or their own religious

14                                                        beliefs; and

15                                               (c) to allow equal access to marriage while protecting religious

16                                                        freedom in relation to marriage.

17              2 Subsection 5(1) (definition of authorised celebrant)

18                                Repeal the definition, substitute:

19                                           authorised celebrant means:

20                                               (a) in relation to a marriage proposed to be solemnised in

21                                                        Australia:

22                                                           (i) a minister of religion registered under Subdivision A of

23                                                                   Division 1 of Part IV; or

24                                                         (ii) a person authorised to solemnise marriages under

25                                                                   Subdivision B of Division 1 of Part IV; or

26                                                        (iii) a marriage celebrant; or

27                                                        (iv) a religious marriage celebrant; or

28                                              (b) in relation to a marriage proposed to be solemnised in

29                                                        accordance with Division 3 of Part V:

30                                                           (i) a chaplain; or


1                                                         (ii) an officer (within the meaning of the Defence Act 1903),

2                                                                   other than a chaplain, authorised by the Chief of the

3                                                                   Defence Force under section 71A to solemnise

4                                                                   marriages under that Division.

5              3 Subsection 5(1) (definition of marriage)

6                                Omit “a man and a woman”, substitute “2 people”.

7              4 Subsection 5(1) (paragraph (c) of the definition of

8                                prescribed authority)

9                                Omit “a chaplain”, substitute “a chaplain or an officer (within the

10                                meaning of the Defence Act 1903), other than a chaplain, authorised by

11                                the Chief of the Defence Force under section 71A to solemnise

12                                marriages under that Division”.

13              5 Subsection 5(1)

14                                Insert:

15                                           religious marriage celebrant means a person identified as a

16                                           religious marriage celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants

17                                           under Subdivision D of Division 1 of Part IV.

18              6 Paragraph 21(2)(b)

19                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

20              7 Paragraph 23B(2)(b)

21                                Omit “a brother and a sister”, substitute “2 siblings”.

22              8 After section 39D

23                                Insert:

24              Subdivision D—Religious marriage celebrants

25              39DA Entitlement to be identified as a religious marriage celebrant

26                                           on the register of marriage celebrants

27                                           A person is entitled to be identified as a religious marriage

28                                           celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants if:

29                                               (a) the person is registered as a marriage celebrant under

30                                                        Subdivision C of this Division; and


1                                              (b) the person is a minister of religion.

2              39DB  Request to be identified as a religious marriage celebrant on

3                                           the register of marriage celebrants

4                                  (1) A person may, in writing, give the Registrar of Marriage

5                                           Celebrants notice that the person wishes to be identified as a

6                                           religious marriage celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants.

7                                  (2) The notice must be in a form approved by the Registrar, and

8                                           include all of the information required by the form.

9              39DC Identification as a religious marriage celebrant

10                                           The Registrar of Marriage Celebrants must identify a person as a

11                                           religious marriage celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants

12                                           if:

13                                               (a) the person has given the Registrar notice in accordance with

14                                                        section 39DB that the person wishes to be identified as a

15                                                        religious marriage celebrant on the register; and

16                                              (b) the person is entitled to be identified as a religious marriage

17                                                        celebrant on the register.

18              39DD Transitional provisions for existing marriage celebrants

19                                           Marriage celebrants who are ministers of religion, but not

20                                           ministers of religion of a recognised denomination

21                                  (1) The Registrar of Marriage Celebrants must identify a person as a

22                                           religious marriage celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants

23                                           if:

24                                               (a) the person was registered as a marriage celebrant under

25                                                        Subdivision C of this Division immediately before Part 1 of

26                                                        Schedule 1 to the Marriage Amendment (Definition and

27                                                        Religious Freedoms) Act 2017 commenced; and

28                                              (b) the person is a minister of religion.


1                                           Marriage celebrants who wish to be religious marriage celebrants

2                                           on the basis of their religious beliefs

3                                  (2) The Registrar of Marriage Celebrants must identify a person as a

4                                           religious marriage celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants

5                                           if:

6                                               (a) the person was registered as a marriage celebrant under

7                                                        Subdivision C of this Division immediately before Part 1 of

8                                                        Schedule 1 to the Marriage Amendment (Definition and

9                                                        Religious Freedoms) Act 2017 commenced; and

10                                              (b) the person gives the Registrar notice that the person wishes to

11                                                        be identified as a religious marriage celebrant on the register:

12                                                           (i) in writing; and

13                                                         (ii) in a form approved by the Registrar; and

14                                                        (iii) within 90 days after Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the

15                                                                   Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious

16                                                                   Freedoms) Act 2017 commences; and

17                                               (c) the choice is based on the person’s religious beliefs.

18              39DE  Process of identification on the register as a religious marriage

19                                           celebrant

20                                  (1) The Registrar identifies a person as a religious marriage celebrant

21                                           on the register of marriage celebrants by annotating the register to

22                                           include that detail.

23                                  (2) If the Registrar identifies a person as a religious marriage celebrant

24                                           on the register of marriage celebrants, the Registrar must, as soon

25                                           as practicable, give the person written notice of that fact.

26                                  (3) If the Registrar decides not to identify a person as a religious

27                                           marriage celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants, the

28                                           Registrar must, as soon as practicable, inform the person in writing

29                                           of:

30                                               (a) the decision; and

31                                              (b) the reasons for it; and

32                                               (c) the person’s right under section 39J to apply for a review of

33                                                        the decision.


1              Subdivision E—General provisions relating to all marriage

2                                           celebrants

3              9 After paragraph 39G(1)(c)

4                                Insert:

5                                  ; and (d) disclose that the celebrant is a marriage celebrant, and

6                                                        whether or not the celebrant is a religious marriage celebrant,

7                                                        in any document relating to the performance of services as a

8                                                        marriage celebrant (including advertisements) by the

9                                                        celebrant.

10              10 After paragraph 39I(1)(a)

11                                Insert:

12                                            (aa) is satisfied that the marriage celebrant is no longer entitled to

13                                                        be identified as a religious marriage celebrant on the register

14                                                        of marriage celebrants; or

15              11 At the end of subsection 39I(1)

16                                Add:

17                                      ; or (f) is satisfied that the marriage celebrant’s notice under

18                                                        section 39DB or paragraph 39DD(2)(b) (notice requesting to

19                                                        be identified as a religious marriage celebrant) was known by

20                                                        the marriage celebrant to be false or misleading in a material

21                                                        particular.

22              12 After paragraph 39I(2)(d)

23                                Insert:

24                                      ; or (e) if the marriage celebrant is identified as a religious marriage

25                                                        celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants:

26                                                           (i) remove the identification of the marriage celebrant as a

27                                                                   religious marriage celebrant from the register for a

28                                                                   period (the suspension period) of up to 6 months by

29                                                                   annotating the register of marriage celebrants to include

30                                                                   a statement that the celebrant is not identified as a

31                                                                   religious marriage celebrant, and the dates of the start

32                                                                   and end of the suspension period; or

33                                                         (ii) remove the identification of the marriage celebrant as a

34                                                                   religious marriage celebrant permanently from the

35                                                                   register.


1              13 After subsection 39I(3)

2                                Insert:

3                              (3A) If the Registrar removes the identification of a marriage celebrant

4                                           as a religious marriage celebrant for any period under

5                                           paragraph (2)(e), section 47A does not apply in respect of the

6                                           celebrant during that period.

7              14 Subsection 39I(4)

8                                After “disciplinary measures against a marriage celebrant”, insert

9                                “(including a religious marriage celebrant)”.

10              15 At the end of subsection 39J(1)

11                                Add:

12                                     ; or (d) not to identify a person as a religious marriage celebrant on

13                                                        the register of marriage celebrants; or

14                                               (e) to remove the identification of a person as a religious

15                                                        marriage celebrant from the register of marriage celebrants,

16                                                        either for a specified period or permanently.

17              16 After subsection 39J(2)

18                                Insert:

19                              (2A) For the purposes of both the making of an application under

20                                           subsection (1) and the operation of the Administrative Appeals

21                                           Tribunal Act 1975 in relation to such an application, if:

22                                               (a) a person has given notice under section 39DB or

23                                                        paragraph 39DD(2)(b) (notice requesting to be identified as a

24                                                        religious marriage celebrant); and

25                                              (b) at the end of 3 months after the day on which the notice was

26                                                        given, the person has not been:

27                                                           (i) identified as a religious marriage celebrant on the

28                                                                   register of marriage celebrants; or

29                                                         (ii) notified by the Registrar that the Registrar has decided

30                                                                   not to identify the person as a religious marriage

31                                                                   celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants;

32                                           the Registrar is taken to have decided, on the last day of the 3

33                                           month period, not to identify that person as a religious marriage

34                                           celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants.


1              17 After paragraph 39M(c)

2                                Insert:

3                                        or (d) a person was identified as a religious marriage celebrant on

4                                                        the register of marriage celebrants; or

5                                               (e) a person was not identified as a religious marriage celebrant

6                                                        on the register of marriage celebrants;

7              18 Subsection 45(2)

8                                After or husband”, insert “, or spouse”.

9              19 Subsection 46(1)

10                                Omit “a man and a woman”, substitute “2 people”.

11              20 Section 47

12                                Repeal the section, substitute:

13              47  Ministers of religion may refuse to solemnise marriages

14                                           Refusing to solemnise a marriage despite this Part

15                                  (1) A minister of religion may refuse to solemnise a marriage despite

16                                           anything in this Part.

17                                  (2) In particular, nothing in this Part prevents a minister of religion

18                                           from:

19                                               (a) making it a condition of solemnising a marriage that:

20                                                           (i) notice of the intended marriage is given to the minister

21                                                                   earlier than this Act requires; or

22                                                         (ii) additional requirements to those provided by this Act

23                                                                   are complied with; and

24                                              (b) refusing to solemnise the marriage if the condition is not

25                                                        observed.

26                                           Refusing to solemnise a marriage on the basis of religious beliefs

27                                           etc.

28                                  (3) A minister of religion may refuse to solemnise a marriage despite

29                                           anything in this Part, if any of the following applies:


1                                               (a) the refusal conforms to the doctrines, tenets or beliefs of the

2                                                        religion of the minister’s religious body or religious

3                                                        organisation;

4                                              (b) the refusal is necessary to avoid injury to the religious

5                                                        susceptibilities of adherents of that religion;

6                                               (c) the minister’s religious beliefs do not allow the minister to

7                                                        solemnise the marriage.

8                                           Grounds for refusal not limited by this section

9                                  (4) This section does not limit the grounds on which a minister of

10                                           religion may refuse to solemnise a marriage.

11              21 Before section 48

12                                Insert:

13              47A Religious marriage celebrants may refuse to solemnise

14                                           marriages

15                                  (1) A religious marriage celebrant may refuse to solemnise a marriage

16                                           despite anything in this Part, if the celebrant’s religious beliefs do

17                                           not allow the celebrant to solemnise the marriage.

18                                           Grounds for refusal not limited by this section

19                                  (2) This section does not limit the grounds on which a religious

20                                           marriage celebrant may refuse to solemnise a marriage.

21              47B  Bodies established for religious purposes may refuse to make

22                                           facilities available or provide goods or services

23                                  (1) A body established for religious purposes may refuse to make a

24                                           facility available, or to provide goods or services, for the purposes

25                                           of the solemnisation of a marriage, or for purposes reasonably

26                                           incidental to the solemnisation of a marriage, if the refusal:

27                                               (a) conforms to the doctrines, tenets or beliefs of the religion of

28                                                        the body; or

29                                              (b) is necessary to avoid injury to the religious susceptibilities of

30                                                        adherents of that religion.

31                                  (2) Subsection (1) applies to facilities made available, and goods and

32                                           services provided, whether for payment or not.


1                                  (3) This section does not limit the grounds on which a body

2                                           established for religious purposes may refuse to make a facility

3                                           available, or to provide goods or services, for the purposes of the

4                                           solemnisation of a marriage, or for purposes reasonably incidental

5                                           to the solemnisation of a marriage.

6                                  (4) To avoid doubt, a reference to a body established for religious

7                                           purposes has the same meaning in this section as it has in

8                                           section 37 of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984.

9                                  (5) For the purposes of subsection (1), a purpose is reasonably

10                                           incidental to the solemnisation of marriage if it is intrinsic to, or

11                                           directly associated with, the solemnisation of the marriage.

12              22 Subsection 71(1)

13                                Omit “a chaplain”, substitute “an authorised celebrant”.

14              23 After section 71

15                                Insert:

16              71A Marriage officers

17                                           The Chief of the Defence Force may, by instrument in writing,

18                                           authorise an officer (within the meaning of the Defence Act 1903),

19                                           other than a chaplain, to solemnise marriages under this Division.

20              24 Paragraphs 72(1)(a) and (b)

21                                Omit “the chaplain” (wherever occurring), substitute “the authorised

22                                celebrant”.

23              25 Subsection 72(2)

24                                Omit “the chaplain” (wherever occurring), substitute “the authorised

25                                celebrant”.

26              26 Subsection 72(2)

27                                After or husband”, insert “, or spouse”.

28              27 Section 74 (heading)

29                                Omit chaplain”, substitute authorised celebrant”.


1              28 Subsection 74(1)

2                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

3              29 Subsection 74(3)

4                                Omit “A chaplain”, substitute “An authorised celebrant”.

5              30 Section 75 (heading)

6                                Omit Chaplain”, substitute Authorised celebrant”.

7              31 Section 75

8                                Omit “A chaplain”, substitute “An authorised celebrant”.

9              32 Section 75

10                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

11              33 Subsections 76(1), 77(1) and 78(2)

12                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

13              34 Section 79 (heading)

14                                Omit Chaplain”, substitute Authorised celebrant”.

15              35 Section 79

16                                Omit “A chaplain”, substitute “An authorised celebrant”.

17              36 Section 79

18                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

19              37 Subsection 80(1)

20                                Omit “a chaplain”, substitute “an authorised celebrant”.

21              38 Subsection 80(1)

22                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

23              39 Paragraphs 80(2)(a) and (c)

24                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

25              40 Subsection 80(4)

26                                Omit “The chaplain”, substitute “The authorised celebrant”.


1              41 Subsections 80(5) and (6)

2                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

3              42 Subsection 80(8)

4                                Omit “a chaplain”, substitute “an authorised celebrant”.

5              43 Subsection 80(9)

6                                Omit “the chaplain” (first occurring), substitute “the authorised

7                                celebrant”.

8              44 Paragraph 80(9)(b)

9                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

10              45 Subsection 80(10)

11                                Omit “a chaplain”, substitute “an authorised celebrant”.

12              46 Section 81

13                                Omit “A chaplain”, substitute “(1) An authorised celebrant (including a

14                                chaplain)”.

15              47 Section 81

16                                Omit “the chaplain” (wherever occurring), substitute “the authorised

17                                celebrant”.

18              48 At the end of section 81

19                                Add:

20                                           Refusing to solemnise a marriage on the basis of religious beliefs

21                                           etc.

22                                  (2) A chaplain may refuse to solemnise a marriage despite anything in

23                                           this Part, if any of the following applies:

24                                               (a) the refusal conforms to the doctrines, tenets or beliefs of the

25                                                        religion of the chaplain’s religious body or religious

26                                                        organisation;

27                                              (b) the refusal is necessary to avoid injury to the religious

28                                                        susceptibilities of adherents of that religion;

29                                               (c) the chaplain’s religious beliefs do not allow the chaplain to

30                                                        solemnise the marriage.


1                                           Grounds for refusal not limited by this section

2                                  (3) This section does not limit the grounds on which an authorised

3                                           celebrant (including a chaplain) may refuse to solemnise a

4                                           marriage.

5              49 Subsection 83(2)

6                                Omit “a chaplain”, substitute “an authorised celebrant”.

7              50 Section 84 (heading)

8                                Omit a chaplain”, substitute an authorised celebrant”.

9              51 Paragraph 84(1)(a)

10                                Omit “a chaplain”, substitute “an authorised celebrant”.

11              52 Paragraphs 84(1)(b) and (c)

12                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

13              53 Subsection 84(1)

14                                Omit “the chaplain” (last occurring), substitute “the authorised

15                                celebrant”.

16              54 Paragraph 85(1)(b)

17                                Omit “a chaplain”, substitute “an authorised celebrant”.

18              55 Paragraph 85(1)(c)

19                                Omit “the chaplain”, substitute “the authorised celebrant”.

20              56 Subsection 85(1)

21                                Omit “the chaplain” (last occurring), substitute “the authorised

22                                celebrant”.

23              57 Subsection 88B(4)

24                                Repeal the subsection.

25              58 Section 88EA

26                                Repeal the section.


1              59 Subsection 99(3)

2                                Omit “A chaplain”, substitute “An authorised celebrant”.

3              60 Subsection 116(2)

4                                Omit “or chaplain” (wherever occurring).

5              61 Subsections 117(1) and (2)

6                                After “other than Subdivision C”, insert “or D”.

7              62 Paragraph 119(3)(f)

8                                Omit “chaplain”, substitute “authorised celebrant”.


1              Part 2—Amendment of the Sex Discrimination Act

2                                           1984

3              Sex Discrimination Act 1984

4              63 Subsection 40(2A)

5                                Repeal the subsection, substitute:

6                              (2A) A minister of religion (as defined in subsection 5(1) of the

7                                           Marriage Act 1961) may refuse to solemnise a marriage despite

8                                           anything in Division 1 or 2, as applying by reference to section 5A,

9                                           5B, 5C or 6, if any of the circumstances mentioned in

10                                           paragraph 47(3)(a), (b) or (c) of the Marriage Act 1961 apply.

11                          (2AA) A religious marriage celebrant (as defined in subsection 5(1) of the

12                                           Marriage Act 1961) may refuse to solemnise a marriage despite

13                                           anything in Division 1 or 2, as applying by reference to section 5A,

14                                           5B, 5C or 6, if:

15                                               (a) the identification of the person as a religious marriage

16                                                        celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants has not been

17                                                        removed at the time the marriage is solemnised; and

18                                              (b) the circumstances mentioned in subsection 47A(1) of the

19                                                        Marriage Act 1961 apply.

20                          (2AB) A chaplain in the Defence Force may refuse to solemnise a

21                                           marriage despite anything in Division 1 or 2, as applying by

22                                           reference to section 5A, 5B, 5C or 6, if any of the circumstances

23                                           mentioned in paragraph 81(2)(a), (b) or (c) of the Marriage Act

24                                           1961 apply.

25                                           Note:           Paragraph 37(1)(d) also provides that nothing in Division 1 or 2

26                                                                affects any act or practice of a body established for religious purposes

27                                                                that conforms to the doctrines, tenets or beliefs of that religion or is

28                                                                necessary to avoid injury to the religious susceptibilities of adherents

29                                                                of that religion.


1              Part 3—Amendments if Schedule 9 to the Civil Law

2                                           and Justice Legislation Amendment Act

3                                           2017 not yet commenced

4              Marriage Act 1961

5              64 Paragraph 115(2)(b)

6                                Repeal the paragraph, substitute:

7                                              (b) in respect of each other person:

8                                                           (i) the person’s full name, designation (if any) and address

9                                                                   and

10                                                         (ii) whether the person is identified as a religious marriage

11                                                                   celebrant on the register of marriage celebrants; and

12                                                        (iii) where appropriate, the religious body or religious

13                                                                   organisation to which the person belongs.

14              65 The Schedule (table item 1 of Part III)

15                                Omit “by a husband and wife jointly”, substitute “by 2 people jointly”.


1              Part 4—Amendments once Schedule 9 to the Civil

2                                           Law and Justice Legislation Amendment Act

3                                           2017 commences

4              Marriage Act 1961

5              66 After paragraph 115(1)(ab)

6                                Insert:

7                                            (ac) a list of the persons who are religious marriage celebrants;

8                                                        and

9              67 Subsection 115(2) (after table item 3)

10                           Insert:                                                                                               

3A

paragraph (1)(ac)

the information required to be entered in the register of marriage celebrants for the purposes of subsection 39D(5); and

where appropriate, the religious body or religious organisation to

                                                                  which the person belongs.                

11              68 Subsection 115(3)

12                                Omit “paragraph (1)(a), (aa) or (ab)”, substitute “paragraph (1)(a), (aa),

13                                (ab) or (ac)”.


1              Part 5—Application and transitional provisions

2              69 Definitions

3                                In this Part:

4                                amended Act means the Marriage Act 1961, as amended by this Act.

5              70 Application of amendments

6              (1)       Except as provided by subitem (2), the amendments made by this

7                                Schedule only apply in relation to a marriage (within the meaning of the

8                                amended Act) that takes place at or after the commencement of this

9                                item.

10              (2)       Part VA of the amended Act (recognition of foreign marriages) applies

11                                at and after that commencement in relation to a marriage (within the

12                                meaning of the amended Act), even if the marriage took place before

13                                that commencement.

14              (3)       For the purposes of determining whether parties to a marriage are

15                                within a prohibited relationship as mentioned in paragraph 88D(2)(c) of

16                                the amended Act (as it applies because of subitem (2)),

17                                paragraph 23B(2)(b) of the amended Act applies.

18              71 Recognition of certain marriages by foreign diplomatic or

19                                consular officers that occurred in Australia before

20                                commencement

21              (1)       A marriage is recognised as valid in Australia if:

22                                               (a) the marriage was solemnised in Australia, before the

23                                                        commencement of this item, by or in the presence of a

24                                                        diplomatic or consular officer of an overseas country

25                                                        (whether or not the country was a proclaimed overseas

26                                                        country at the time the marriage was solemnised); and

27                                              (b) at the time the marriage was solemnised:

28                                                           (i) the marriage was not recognised in Australia as valid

29                                                                   because the marriage was not the union of a man and a

30                                                                   woman; and

31                                                         (ii) the marriage was recognised as valid under the law of

32                                                                   the overseas country; and


1                                               (c) had the marriage occurred in the overseas country at the time

2                                                        the marriage was solemnised, the marriage would, after

3                                                        items 57 and 58 of this Schedule commence, be recognised as

4                                                        valid under Part VA of the Marriage Act 1961.

5              (2)       In this item:

6                                Australia includes the external Territories.

7                                diplomatic or consular officer has the meaning given by section 52 of

8                                the Marriage Act 1961.

9                                overseas country has the same meaning as in Division 3 of Part IV of

10                                the Marriage Act 1961.

11                                proclaimed overseas country has the meaning given by section 52 of

12                                the Marriage Act 1961.

Last modified on Friday, 08 September 2017 10:34